Located under the government Palace " La moneda, Santiago downtown.
The foundation Centro Cultural Palacio La Moneda is a private non-profit organization that aims to develop, study, disseminate, promote and preserve all forms of art, culture and education. Its Board, chaired by the Minister of Culture, is made up of nine members representing public and private institutions and people with many years experience in the cultural field.
To provide a wide access to art exhibitions, to the country´s cultural and audiovisual heritage and to contemporary national art productions as part of a holistic experience of citizen participation incorporating various mediation tools and additional services.
To be the country´s major exhibition center, with high visibility and accessibility, a national benchmark in terms of exhibition management.
To offer the public a space of encounter, recreation, education and enjoyment of culture through a series of high quality programs with great artistic, cultural, national and universal value.
To contribute to the enhancement of the lives of all Chileans and foreigners who visit us, by providing a space of appreciation and enjoyment of the national and international cultural heritage.
DictionaryTo contribute to the consolidation and enhancement of cultural identity through knowledge and understanding of the roots, history, creativity, heritage and cultural diversity.
To generate an experience of integration into the global culture that promotes the recognition of commom and distinctive features with other culturesTTo generate an experience of integration into the global culture which promotes awareness of common and distinctive features with other cultures.
To promote peaceful coexistence, appreciation and respect for cultural diversity.
To generate educational opportunities for students with regard to national and international cultural heritage.
To combine national and international exhibits in our programs
To present large exhibitions, with a high artistic and cultural value
To conduct mediation programs and activities that promote access and enjoyment of the exhibits
To conduct educational activities for audiences
To conduct activities that enhance citizen participation
To contribute to teachers work in the field of visual arts
To provide a stable space for the dissemination of design
To disseminate photography and contemporary art through additional exhibits
Precolumbian art museum in Santiago a place you do not have to miss. Located one block to the west from main square.
During the 1970s, Sergio Larraín García-Moreno became increasingly aware of the importance of his collection and of the urgent need to establish an ongoing institution for its permanent and overall care. He approached university and governmental institutions with the intention of donating the collection so it could be exhibited, preserved and expanded.
After several attempts, he received an enthusiastic response from Santiago’s then mayor, Patricio Mekis, who welcomed the idea and began searching for a building to house the institution. Julio Philippi, a prominent lawyer, was entrusted by Sergio Larraín to create a legal framework to establish a stable institution that would protect the Museum”s objects and their integrity, and guarantee their future in accordance with a set of founding principles and guidelines. Thus, the Fundación Familia Larraín Echenique was born, and so named as a way of expressing that the collector”s family, and not the collector himself, was donating the pieces to create a museum for their conservation, study and public exhibition.
By means of an agreement between the Foundation and the Municipality of Santiago, the latter of which provides the building that houses the Museum as well as the funds to cover all of the management and operating expenses, the Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino opened its doors to the public in December 1981.
Creating an institution to conserve, study and diffuse the artistic legacy of the pre-Columbian peoples of all of the Americas was a pioneering, and remains a unique, initiative in Latin America.
The Museum’s main objective is to encourage intense interest in the indigenous cultures of the Americas, and education is essential for achieving this aim.
Through its exhibitions and publications, guided visits and workshops, the institution expresses its commitment to disseminating the cultural heritage of the continent among many different audiences. This section examines a series of themes related to the art and culture of America’s indigenous peoples. It also offers material (in PowerPoint format) that can be used by teachers in the classroom.
The laboratory is responsible for the registry, conservation and restoration of the collections comprising the Museum”s patrimony. Occasionally, registration, disinfection and restoration services are also provided to private clients.
The archeologists working in our Curatorial Department are responsible for creating all content related to the Museum’s exhibits. In addition, these professionals have carried out many projects and published a variety of works on the artistic legacy of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Summaries of these projects and selected publications can be found in this section of the webpage. With the generous support of private institutions, the Museum has produced an extensive collection of published work that include catalogues and books on Precolombian Art, journals and educational works.
The Chilean Antarctic Province is the biggest province in the country, considering it includes the Navarino Island, the Chilean Antarctica and two national parks, Alberto de Agostini and Cape Horne. In total, this territory is about 1.250.000 km². It is located on the South Pole, and its capital is Puerto Williams, in the Navarino Island.
The Antarctic Continent, and the bases installed there, are natural reserves dedicated to peace and scientific investigation. For this very reason, all activities that take place in the so called 'white continent', tourist activity included, is done under very strict reglamentations, to maintain the cleanliness and decontamination. All 45 countries which are part of the Antarctic Treaty look after the following of these reglamentations. Chile is one of them. The treaty is an agreement between 45 countries, signed in 1959 by twelve nations; the rest was added after that date. On it, it is written that Antarctica must be used with pacific and scientific ends only, activities planned and informed with anticipation to avoid any sort of conflict.
The ecosystems in Antarctica are very fragile, so it is needed to have extra and special care when it comes to receiving touritst and installing people to live there. All of them must obey the 150 recommendations especified in the Antarctic treaty.
Antarctica is an isolated continent, distant from the rest of civilization in South America, the closest to the white continent, but still thousand of miles away. In spite of its distance, tourist activity has increased in the last decade, considerably, receiving people from all over the globe, who are looking to go places completely different from their own countries and homes. The access is only possible in summer, because the rest of the year the way to get there is covered in ice, which makes it impossible to get to Antarctica.
When to go
December - February
Antarctica, 614 miles from Punta Arenas.
Being on the white continent, on the only inhabited base, they're all part of the appeal of Antarctica. Even though the bases are small and constitute even smaller 'towns', you can get a real glimpse of what it means to live on Antarctica all year, with temperatures that sometimes don't go over the 35C below zero. The flora and fauna of the place, even when they?re escarse, are a real sight.
How to get there
You can take a flight in Punta Arenas, which takes four hours to get to Antarctica. By water, from Punta Arenas and Puerto Williams, on a trip which takes three and two days, respectively.
Queulat National Park is a national park of Chile located in the Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region. The park is bordered by the Cisnes River on the south side and is neighbor to Lago Rosselot National Reserve. It contains 1,541 km2 (595 sq mi) of glacier-capped mountains and virgin evergreen forests.
Local relief is dominated by the Patagonian Andes, with some elevations greater than 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level. A portion of the Puyuhuapi Volcanic Group form part of the park, specifically the area south of the Lake Risopatrón. The park comprises two small ice fields, with glaciers of up to 12 km (7 mi) long. The largest glaciated area is Queulat ice cap, which encompasses about 80 km2 (31 sq mi) and contains park's centerpiece, the Queulat Hanging Glacier. This ice cap is centered at 44°25′S 72°25′W, and is at an elevation of 1,889 m (6,198 ft). The other ice cap covers an area of approximately 40 km2 (15 sq mi) and is centered at an unnamed summit at 44°30′S 72°19′W, at an elevation of 2,255 m (7,398 ft)The main ice cap borders the northernmost part of the Puyuhuapi Channel called Ventisquero Sound.
Other attractions in the park are the Queulat Sound, Father García and The Cóndor Falls, and Cat's Stone (Piedra del Gato).
A characteristic feature of this park is the presence of Valdivian temperate rain forests. Various portions of the park receive up to 4,000 mm (157 in) of precipitation annually. In this wet environment typical trees include coihue and tepa. The understory vegetation consists of species such as tepú, quila, chilco and nalca (a plant with enormous leaves). At higher elevations, the forests are dominated by coigüe de Magallanes and lenga. The Carretera Austral runs through the middle of the park and includes a stretch of hairpin turns (Cuesta Queulat), along which can be observed altitudinal zones of vegetation in the park.
In the southern portion of the park (Queulat mountain pass), wildlife includes mammals such as Pudú, Kodkod, and a variety of birds species including Chucao Tapaculo, Chilean Pigeon, Magellanic Woodpecker, Black-throated Huet-huet and Thorn-tailed Rayadito. The northern sections of the park are home to nearshore wildlife including semi-aquatic mammals as are Southern River Otter and Coypu. Birds found in this area include Magellan Goose, Chiloe Wigeon, Yellow-billed Pintail, Red Shoveler, Flying Steamer Duck, Rosy-billed Pochard, Red-gartered Coot, Ringed Kingfisher, Great Egret, Cocoi Heron, Black-crowned Night Heron, Torrent Duck, Sedge Wren, Chilean Flicker and Black-necked Swan.
The city is named after its founder Pedro de Valdivia and is located at the confluence of the Calle-Calle, Valdivia and Cau-Cau Rivers, approximately 15 km (9 mi) east of the coastal towns of Corral and Niebla. Since October 2007, Valdivia has been the capital of Los Ríos Region and is also the capital of Valdivia Province
The area around Valdivia may have been populated since 12,000 – 11,800 B.C according to archaeological discoveries in Monte Verde (less than 200 km south of Valdivia), which would place it about a thousand years before the Clovis culture in North America. This challenges the "Clovis First" model of Migration to the New World and it is possible that the first inhabitants of Valdivia and Chile travelled to America by watercraft and not across a land-bridge in the Bering Strait.
During at least the Middle Archaic southern Chile was populated by indigenous groups that shared a common lithic culture called the Chan-Chan Complex after the archaeological site of Chan-Chan located just some 35 km north of Valdivia along the coast.
By the time of the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores, Valdivia was inhabited by Huilliches (Mapudungun for People of the South). Huilliches and Mapuches were both referred by the Spaniards as Araucanos. Their main language was a variant of Mapudungun, the Mapuche language.
There was a large village called Ainil in present day downtown Valdivia, and the Valdivia River was called Ainilebu. Ainil seemed to have been an important trade centre due to its ease of access to the sea and the interior using the river network of the Cruces and Calle-Calle Rivers, both tributaries of the Valdivia. Ainil may be described as "a kind of little Venice" as it had large areas of wetlands and canals, most of them now drained or filled. The market in Ainil received shellfish and fish from the coast, legumes from Punucapa, and other foods from San José de la Mariquina, an agricultural zone north east of Valdivia. A remnant of this ancient trade is the modern Feria Fluvial (English: Riverside Market) on the banks of Valdivia River. The surroundings of Valdivia were described as large plains having a large population that cultivated potatoes, maize, quinoa and legumes among other crops. The population has been estimated by some historians as 30-40 thousand inhabitants as of 1548 based on descriptions made by the conquistadors. Pedro Mariño de Lobera, an early conquistador and chronicler wrote that there were half a million Indians living within ten leagues (one league is roughly 4.2 km) from the city.Other historians consider these numbers too high and argue that early Spaniards usually exaggerated in their descriptions. Later Charles Darwin would state that "there is not much cleared land near Valdivia" which suggests that pre-Hispanic agriculture in Valdivia was far more extensive than the agriculture practiced in the early 19th century.
On May 22, 1960, Chile suffered the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, rating 9.5 on the Moment magnitude scale, with Valdivia being the most affected city. The earthquake generated devastating tsunamis that affected Japan and Hawaii. Spanish-colonial forts around Valdivia were severely damaged, while soil subsidence destroyed buildings, deepened local rivers, and created wetlands of the Río Cruces y Chorocomayo - a new aquatic park north of the city.
Large sections of the city flooded after the earthquake, and a landslide near the Tralcán Mount dammed the Riñihue Lake. Water levels in Lake Riñihue rose more than 20 meters, raising the danger of a catastrophic break and of destroying everything downriver. Government authorities drew plans for evacuating the city, but many people left on their own. Danger to the city was reduced after a large team of workers opened a drainage channel in the landslide; water levels of the lake slowly returned to normal levels. There is evidence that a similar landslide and earthquake happened in 1575.
The city was originally planned to be founded in 1553, under the Government of Pedro de Valdivia by his companion of conquest, Lieutenant General Don Francisco de Villagra; with the name of Santa Marina de Gaete, on the site of a Huilliche village named Chauracavi. However, the death of Valdivia prevented the realization of this plan when he was about to materialize.
On March 27, 1558, the city is finally founded by the governor, García Hurtado de Mendoza; with the new name of Villa de San Mateo de Osorno, in honor of his grandfather, Count of Osorno. It was destroyed again by the indigenous Huilliche people in October 1602.
On November 22, 1792, Tomás de Figueroa took possession of the ruins. Under the orders of Ambrosio O'Higgins, Osorno was again rebuilt by Juan Mackenna, and declared officially re-populated in 1796. O'Higgins, in turn, was awarded the title of Marquess of Osorno.
Osorno owes its legacy to fairly recent Chilean settlement, when the government subdued the region's indigenous Mapuche peoples in the mid-19th century and opened the land to Chilean and European immigration soon to follow. Large percentage of locals in Osorno are descendants of Spanish (the livestock grazing industry owes its foundation to the Basques) and other European immigrants.
Around 1850, the government of Chile began inviting German settlers to the colony to promote growth in the region; the settlers found Osorno's climate and geography to be very similar to their own. With their help, Osorno was made the home of the National Cattle ranch of Chile, boosting the regional economy significantly. Present-day Osorno has preserved 19th century architecture and urban layout, represented by six picturesque houses which have been designated national monuments
Osorno has a long history of rivalry with Valdivia, and in a 2006 referendum, the Osorno Province rejected its proposed incorporation into the new Los Ríos Region, of which Valdivia is now the capital.
Osorno is a city and commune in southern Chile and capital of Osorno Province in the Los Lagos Region. It had a population of 145,475, as of the 2002 census. It is located 945 kilometres (587 mi) south of the national capital of Santiago, 105 kilometres (65 mi) north of the regional capital of Puerto Montt and 260 kilometres (160 mi) west of the Argentine city of San Carlos de Bariloche, connected via International Route 215 through the Cardenal Antonio Samoré Pass.
Located at the confluence of Rahue and Damas River Osorno is the main service centre of agriculture and cattle farming in the northern Los Lagos Region. The city's cultrual heritage is shaped by Spanish, Huilliche and German influences.
San Juan de la Costa is a commune of Chile, located in the Osorno Province in the Los Lagos Region. The capital town of Puaucho is located 34 km from Osorno. San Juan de la Costa is known for its large population of indigenous Huilliches. This commune is characterized by a large coastline suitable for ecotourism, especially spas Pucatrihue and Maicolpué , the port of Bahía Mansa , and the ethnic tourism of the Huilliche culture.
Pucatrihue located 69 km west of Osorno and 4 km from Maicolpué. It is a popular resort that is usually packed in summer. The beach is 3 km in length extending all the way from the Contraco River to the Choroy Traiguén River. Along the waterfront you can see summer houses on the dunes, rocks and cliffs.
Valdivia was founded in 1552 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. Its original name was Santa María la Blanca de Valdivia. Some years later in 1598 the Spaniards suffered several reversals in the War of Arauco, and the defenceless city was abandoned. In 1643 the Dutch arrived at the ruins and settled in the zone, planning to use Valdivia as a base for attacks on the Spanish empire. After some conflicts with the Mapuche Indians of the zone, the Dutch had to leave Valdivia.
It was then when Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Leiva, Marquis of Mancera ordered the re-population of Valdivia and the construction of several forts. The main forts were built at Corral Bay, but some other forts were built to protect the city from the Mapuches. Then the city came to be called The key of the south sea and Gibraltar of the Pacific. The forts where reinforced several times, and new additions were made until the late 18th century. At the time of Chilean independence Valdivia remained a Spanish stronghold, and was perceived as threat to Chile's independence by Lord Cochrane, admiral of the Chilean navy who captured the forts in 1820 without facing the batteries by using a surprise land assault. Valdivia surrendered when the news about the fall of Corral Fort came.
The Fort System of Valdivia are a series of Spanish colonial fortifications at Corral Bay, Valdivia and Cruces River established to protect the city of Valdivia, in southern Chile. During the period of Spanish rule (1552–1820), it was one of the biggest systems of fortification in the Americas. It was also a major supply source for Spanish ships that crossed the Strait of Magellan.
The four largest forts in this system were the forts in Corral Bay that controlled the entry to Valdivia River, thus Valdivia. Other fortifications were built to defend the city from land attacks (mostly from indigenous Huilliches).
Geysers in southern Chile
The Sollupulli tourist center also offers special trekking routes, horseback riding, and canyoning, where domestic and foreign visitors can appreciate the diversity of the area’s flora and fauna.
The Sollupulli Tourist Center, located west of the city of Temuco and only five kilometers from the Argentine border
Up until a short while ago, geysers were a tourist attraction exclusive to the northern part of the country. However, this reality is changing quickly, with the rise of a thermal center tucked away in the mountains of southern Chile’s Araucanía Region.
It is the Sollupulli Tourist Center, located west of the city of Temuco and only five kilometers from the Argentine border and it offers several distractions and high-mountain activities.
One of the highlights is visiting a thermal center, which features around 12 meter-high geysers and includes the option of enjoying the revitalizing hot springs that flow from the ground.
You can reach the area after a three-hour walk, during which you can see the Alpehue River descending the slopes of the mountains. The landscape “is reminiscent of Yellowstone imagery, making it an enviable surrounding for any tourist area,” says the facility administrator María Angélica Tepper.
Another alternative is to spend a night on a glacier that sits on the crater of the Sollipulli Volcano.
You might also want to visit the millennial coigüe and araucaria (monkey puzzle) forests that abound in the area. Special routes are organized for trekking, horseback riding and canyoning, among others.
On these routes you can also enjoy the area’s rich and diverse fauna, such as foxes, pudús, pumas, wild boar, and native birds like condors and woodpeckers.
According to the administrators, the experience combines high technology and adventure tourism, thanks to the special conditions and geographical characteristics of the Andes Mountains in the Araucania Region.
The clear skies in the desert regions of Chile's north offer some of the best viewing conditions on earth for astronomers. The country's many scientific observatories are at the forefront of astronomical research and some, such as the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the worldclass Paranal Observatory, have been involved in many important discoveries about our solar system and beyond.
But for normal folk, there are also a number of tourism-oriented observatories that give everybody the chance to gaze into the night sky using telescopes beyond the reach of most amateur astronomers. Here, This is Chile shares five of the best locations in Chile for staring into space.
Mamalluca Tourism Observatory
Perched on an isolated hilltop just a few miles from Vicuña, the Mamalluca Observatory is one of the Elqui Valley's biggest tourist attractions. It boasts an impressive collection of outdoor telescopes and a high-powered 16-inch Meade unit housed in its own dome. Visitors can opt for a basic astronomy tour or an Andean Worldview Tour which takes in the astronomical beliefs of the region's ancient civilizations.
Not far from Mamalluca, the Pangue Observatory has a wide range of programs catering to the general public, the most popular being the two-hour AstroTour in Spanish, French or English. Space buffs also have the opportunity to book a more personalized tour that gives them access to the observatory's telescopes for a whole night.
Collowara Tourism Observatory
At over 4,200 feet above sea level, the Collowara Tourism Observatory between Vicuña and Coquimbo, near the town of Andacollo, provides premium views of the skies. It has a collection of powerful 14 inch Schmidt Cassegrain telescopes spread over three cross-shaped viewing desks and a large conference room.
The brainchild of an entrepreneurial priest who wanted to strengthen the ties between science and religion, the Mayu Observatory is only 18 miles from the regional center of La Serena. Along with its 14-inch telescope, this observatory also has a chapel.
Southern Cross (Cruz del Sur) Observatory
Situated near the city of Coquimbo, the Southern Cross Observatory is one of the biggest astronomical attractions in all of South America. Developed with input from the Universidad de Chile, it has a number of domes containing powerful 16-inch telescopes and well-equipped exhibition rooms.
La Serena ( Northern Area), Chile